What Differentiates an Infrared Camera from a Thermographic Camera?
Both terms refer to a device that is capable of registering the intensity spread of infrared radiation within a setting, visualising it as an image. While an infrared camera (also known as "imager" or "(passive) nightviewer") rather serves to improve the perceptibility of people or objects in the dark or in hampered visibility, the task of the thermographic camera goes even one step further, i.e., its calibration permits to conclude the surface temperature of objects from the intensity of the detected infrared radiation.
Up to which Depth Infrared Temperature can Measure Temperature?
In the vast majority of materials it is practically zero, i.e., measuring directly takes place on the material surface. There are only very few (partially) transmittant materials, such as oxides or silicates, where the measured value composes of layers that are at different depths within the object.
Is a Thermographic Camera Capable of Measuring Through Glass Panes?
Not as a rule, since glass is transmittant by visible light in the same way as is near infrared, however, it is not beyond a wavelength of approx. 4 µm. This spectral range requires special infrared-transmittant window materials.
Down to which Minimum Temperature Limit Does Infrared Thermography Work?
This, first of all, depends on the capability of the thermographic camera applied. State-of-the-art thermographic cameras permit non-contact temperature measuring as low as -20 ... -40 °C. Below this range, however, the infrared intensity irradiated by objects, and thus their signal-to-noise ratio, decreases so heavily that even considerable increases in device sensitivity would merely yield minute reductions of the lower measuring limit.
Why Does an Infrared Remote Control not Usually Affect the Measuring Result of Thermographic Measuring, while the Reflex of a Hand is Very Well Capable of Doing So?
This is a question of wavelength. Infrared remote controls and infrared data-transfer distances make use of wavelengths in the near infrared range (e.g. 0.85 µm or 1.55 µm), while thermographic cameras work within the so-called "thermal infrared", i.e., beside the more rarely applied range of 3 ... 5 µm, usually at 8 ... 14 µm – exactly the range in which also bodies show their maximum irradiation at room temperature.
Does Infrared Thermography Permit to Measure Gas Temperatures?
Only under certain conditions; for the most frequent gases (such as the majority of constituents of the earth atmosphere) are largely translucent in the infrared range. Several gases, such as carbon and nitrogen oxides, also emit infrared radiation by themselves, although only within very narrow spectral ranges, so-called “bands“. Accordingly fitting spectral filters in the thermographic camera permit to adjust to this fact; however, it must be borne in mind that this requires a minimum temperature of typically a few hundred degrees Celsius as well as a minimal thickness of the gaseous layer to be measured.
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