InfraTec’s cameras are used with increasing success in numerous applicaton areas

Thermal optimisation in micrometer range

Thermal optimisation in micrometer range

Due to increasing performance requirements for electronic components, enormous demands for thermal management  at ever smaller scales are placed. The Frauenhofer Institute for Silicon Technology (ISIT), as development partner, supports companies in meeting these growing needs in an optimal fashion.

The ISIT has to detect the smallest possible temperature differences when analysing electronic components. InfraTec's high-end camera series ImageIR ® can precisly measure temperature differences of 15 mk and securely identify even newly emerging thermal issues. Thus, development failures can be avoided at an early stage. The cameras are available with different detector formats of up to (1,024 x 1,280) IR pixels. Using a 15 µm pitch together with different, high performance microscope lenses, a geometric resolution of only 2 µm can be achieved.

Another benefit for the ISIT derives from the precision calibration of the ImageIR ®. The use of a set of additional side calibration curves compensates for drift and ensures a maximum measurement accuracy even under fluctuating measurement conditions. As with all thermographic testings of electronic components and circuits, measurements are influenced by the different emissivity of the individual components. To overcome this situation, InfraTec offers an automated pixel-wise emissivity correction routine directly in its control and analysis software IRBIS ® 3. Using these tools precise statements can be made about temperature distributions and developments over time. 

Thermography for optimisation of installed wind turbines

Thermography for optimization of installed wind turbines; © visdia/Fotolia.com

Due to the decreasing number of suitable locations for wind turbines and the increasing push towards renewable energy sources, new activities have been introduced to improve the efficiency of rotor blades for wind turbines.

The goal towards high efficiency is of great interest, because it has a direct impact on the achievable energy output of wind turbines and thus, on the profit of the operator. Of course, the rotor blades of modern wind turbines have an already optimised efficiency resulting from decades of aerodynamic research-- their profiles are designed with super computers and optimised in wind tunnels. In their production new technologies are applied, which were first designed for the construction of high performance aircrafts. The goal of these measures is to have maximum percentage as well as maximum controlling of laminar flow between the rotor surface and the surrounding air.  However, turbulent flows reduce the efficiency and therefore must be reduced to what is absolutely necessary. 

Thermography at rotor blades

In addition, there are many more factors that negatively affect the efficiency of wind power stations. It starts with alignment of the blades, leading edge contamination, erosion and damages to defective flow control add-ons, such as leading edge protection, vortex generators and zig-zag tape sections.

For several years now, Thermography has been a valuable tool for investigating the boundary layer behavior on airfoils in order to aerodynamically optimize it. It makes use of the fact that the heat transfer resistance of the boundary layer is significantly lower in turbulent flow than in laminar flow. For example, if the surrounding air is colder than the rotor blade surface, a thermal pattern appears on the surface which indicates the state of the flow. Because the temperature on the turbulent flow region is colder than on the laminar flow region, measuring this thermal pattern with a thermal imaging camera permits detecting the boundary layer condition in real-time.

Highly thermally sensitive high-speed infrared cameras with high performance telephoto lenses are used to visualize the boundary layer condition of running rotor blades, in which the rotor blades and the measurement position are several hundred meters apart. These measurements deliver qualitative information regarding the transition location along the rotor blades, and allow comparisons between different operational states and conditions. 

Using the cooled high-speed camera ImageIR ® 8300 with (640 x 512) IR pixel focal-plane array photon detector and a thermal resolution better than 20 mK together with a telephoto lens of 200 mm high resolution thermal images of running rotor blades can be acquired. Due to extremely short integration times, only minor motion blurs occur during top speeds of 75 m/s.

With friendly support from:
C. Dollinger, N. Balaresque, M. Sorg: Thermographic Boundary Layer Visualisation of Wind Turbine Rotorblades in Operation.
EWEA 2014, Bacelona, Spain: Europe’s Premier Wind Energy Event. EWEA The European Wind Energy Association, Barcelona, 2014.

Thermography for optimisation of installed wind turbines
Contact

USA Offices:

InfraTec infrared LLC
Plano, TX 75024
Los Angeles, CA – Sales Office
workPhone: +1 877 797 6748

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InfraTec GmbH
Infrarotsensorik und Messtechnik
Dresden, GERMANY
workPhone: +49 351 871-8635

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